OPIATES – HEROIN AND PRESCRIPTION DRUGS
INFORMATION ON TREATMENT FOR OPIOIDS (OPIATES)
Heroin, Fentanyl, Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Buprenorphine, Morphine, Dilaudid, Methadone, etc.
Opioids are life-saving medications and are prescribed for multiple medical disorders, such as cardiac arrest, angina, cough, and are also widely used during local and general anesthesia. There are a vast number of opioids, numbering in the 100s, both on the prescription drug market, as well as the black market. In some cases, a particular opioid may be permitted to be prescribed in a certain country; whereas, it is illegal in other countries. For example, the prescription of heroin as a pain reliever is legal in Great Britain, but illegal in the United States.
Most Common Opioids
Remember that opioids can be referred to by using the brand name, generic name, or street name.
Opium, morphine, codeine
Heroin, meperidine, oxycodone (Oxycontin), oxymorphine (Opana), hydrocodone (Vicodin), hydromorphone (Dilaudid)
Methadone, Fentanyl, buprenorphine (Suboxone, Subutex)
Regardless of the class of the opioid, they all act in a similar fashion to relieve pain, slow the breathing rate, decrease blood pressure, and produce a euphoric “high.” Opioids can be abused by snorting, intravenously, orally, inhalation, and via absorption through the skin and mucous membrane of the mouth.
Due to the illicit nature of opioid use, chronic use typically leads to severe consequences, such as medical problems, crimes and other legal problems, the loss of employment, financial difficulties, social problems, homelessness, and mental health issues. It is imperative that anyone addicted to opioids receive professional treatment in a prescription drug rehab. Prescription drug rehabs will also treat addictions to heroin and opium.
Because of the severe consequences of opioid abuse and dependence in the United States, particularly prescription drug use, the government has “cracked-down” on the production, distribution, and prescription of these substances. Because of this, prescription drug abuse has decreased; albeit, at the same time heroin abuse has been on the rise.
Illicitly using heroin has a high-risk of overdose because the user cannot be certain of the ingredients, nor of the level of purity. Also, heroin is typically used by the I.V. or nasal routes, which provide a more rapid effect on the central nervous system, which can lead to respiratory and cardiac problems that result in overdose.
Those who are addicted to opioids do have hope, if they are willing or prompted to seek treatment. Typically, these patients will require detoxification in an inpatient or residential drug detox, followed by intensive treatment. Since the social consequences in these patients is typically harsh, and mental health issues may be present, the drug detox should be followed by the admittance of the patient to a reputable, experienced drug rehab that provides support services such as Case Management, therapy, and medical and psychiatric services.
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